Vue 实现小小记事本

发布于 2021-05-08  414 次阅读


1、实现效果

用户输入后按回车,输入的内容自动保存,下方会显示记录的条数,鼠标移动到文字所在div上,会显示删除按钮,点击按钮,相应记录会被删除,下方的记录条数会相应变化,点击clear,所有记录会被删除。效果如下:

在这里插入图片描述

2、实现思路

  • 先写出记事本的基本样式,在vue实例中的data对象里定义list数组,以及message的初始值。通过 v-model实现input标签文本和message的双向绑定。通过v-for循环遍历li标签,取出list数组中的数据。
  • 给input框通过keyup.enter绑定回车事件add,直接把当前输入的值添加到list数组里,然后遍历到li标签里。
  • 在li标签的button标签里添加remove事件。先传入index,通过this.list.splice(index, 1) 删除当前记录。
  • 在下方的footer部分,判断是否存在记录,若不存在,则销毁标签,若存在,则添加clear事件,直接把list数组赋值为空,就可以清除所有的记录。

3、实现代码

index.css

html,
body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
body {
  background: #fff;
}
button {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  border: 0;
  background: none;
  font-size: 100%;
  vertical-align: baseline;
  font-family: inherit;
  font-weight: inherit;
  color: inherit;
  -webkit-appearance: none;
  appearance: none;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
}

body {
  font: 14px "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
  line-height: 1.4em;
  background: #f5f5f5;
  color: #4d4d4d;
  min-width: 230px;
  max-width: 550px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
  font-weight: 300;
}

:focus {
  outline: 0;
}

.hidden {
  display: none;
}

#todoapp {
  background: #fff;
  margin: 180px 0 40px 0;
  position: relative;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 4px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2), 0 25px 50px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
}

#todoapp input::-webkit-input-placeholder {
  font-style: italic;
  font-weight: 300;
  color: #e6e6e6;
}

#todoapp input::-moz-placeholder {
  font-style: italic;
  font-weight: 300;
  color: #e6e6e6;
}

#todoapp input::input-placeholder {
  font-style: italic;
  font-weight: 300;
  color: gray;
}

#todoapp h1 {
  position: absolute;
  top: -160px;
  width: 100%;
  font-size: 60px;
  font-weight: 100;
  text-align: center;
  color: rgba(175, 47, 47, .8);
  -webkit-text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;
  -moz-text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;
  text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;
}

.new-todo,
.edit {
  position: relative;
  margin: 0;
  width: 100%;
  font-size: 24px;
  font-family: inherit;
  font-weight: inherit;
  line-height: 1.4em;
  border: 0;
  color: inherit;
  padding: 6px;
  border: 1px solid #999;
  box-shadow: inset 0 -1px 5px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
  box-sizing: border-box;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
}

.new-todo {
  padding: 16px;
  border: none;
  background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.003);
  box-shadow: inset 0 -2px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.03);
}

.main {
  position: relative;
  z-index: 2;
  border-top: 1px solid #e6e6e6;
}

.toggle-all {
  width: 1px;
  height: 1px;
  border: none; /* Mobile Safari */
  opacity: 0;
  position: absolute;
  right: 100%;
  bottom: 100%;
}

.toggle-all + label {
  width: 60px;
  height: 34px;
  font-size: 0;
  position: absolute;
  top: -52px;
  left: -13px;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(90deg);
  transform: rotate(90deg);
}

.toggle-all + label:before {
  content: "❯";
  font-size: 22px;
  color: #e6e6e6;
  padding: 10px 27px 10px 27px;
}

.toggle-all:checked + label:before {
  color: #737373;
}

.todo-list {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  list-style: none;
  max-height: 420px;
  overflow: auto;
}

.todo-list li {
  position: relative;
  font-size: 24px;
  border-bottom: 1px solid #ededed;
  height: 60px;
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

.todo-list li:last-child {
  border-bottom: none;
}

.todo-list .view .index {
  position: absolute;
  color: gray;
  left: 10px;
  top: 20px;
  font-size: 16px;
}

.todo-list li .toggle {
  text-align: center;
  width: 40px;
  /* auto, since non-WebKit browsers doesn't support input styling */
  height: auto;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  margin: auto 0;
  border: none; /* Mobile Safari */
  -webkit-appearance: none;
  appearance: none;
}

.todo-list li .toggle {
  opacity: 0;
}

.todo-list li .toggle + label {
  /*
        Firefox requires `#` to be escaped - https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=922433
        IE and Edge requires *everything* to be escaped to render, so we do that instead of just the `#` - https://developer.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-edge/platform/issues/7157459/
    */
  background-image: url("data:image/svg+xml;utf8,%3Csvg%20xmlns%3D%22http%3A//www.w3.org/2000/svg%22%20width%3D%2240%22%20height%3D%2240%22%20viewBox%3D%22-10%20-18%20100%20135%22%3E%3Ccircle%20cx%3D%2250%22%20cy%3D%2250%22%20r%3D%2250%22%20fill%3D%22none%22%20stroke%3D%22%23ededed%22%20stroke-width%3D%223%22/%3E%3C/svg%3E");
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
  background-position: center left;
}

.todo-list li .toggle:checked + label {
  background-image: url("data:image/svg+xml;utf8,%3Csvg%20xmlns%3D%22http%3A//www.w3.org/2000/svg%22%20width%3D%2240%22%20height%3D%2240%22%20viewBox%3D%22-10%20-18%20100%20135%22%3E%3Ccircle%20cx%3D%2250%22%20cy%3D%2250%22%20r%3D%2250%22%20fill%3D%22none%22%20stroke%3D%22%23bddad5%22%20stroke-width%3D%223%22/%3E%3Cpath%20fill%3D%22%235dc2af%22%20d%3D%22M72%2025L42%2071%2027%2056l-4%204%2020%2020%2034-52z%22/%3E%3C/svg%3E");
}

.todo-list li label {
  word-break: break-all;
  padding: 15px 15px 15px 60px;
  display: block;
  line-height: 1.2;
  transition: color 0.4s;
}

.todo-list li.completed label {
  color: #d9d9d9;
  text-decoration: line-through;
}

.todo-list li .destroy {
  display: none;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: 10px;
  bottom: 0;
  width: 40px;
  height: 40px;
  margin: auto 0;
  font-size: 30px;
  color: #cc9a9a;
  margin-bottom: 11px;
  transition: color 0.2s ease-out;
}

.todo-list li .destroy:hover {
  color: #af5b5e;
}

.todo-list li .destroy:after {
  content: "×";
}

.todo-list li:hover .destroy {
  display: block;
}

.todo-list li .edit {
  display: none;
}

.todo-list li.editing:last-child {
  margin-bottom: -1px;
}

.footer {
  color: #777;
  padding: 10px 15px;
  height: 20px;
  text-align: center;
  border-top: 1px solid #e6e6e6;
}

.footer:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  height: 50px;
  overflow: hidden;
  box-shadow: 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2), 0 8px 0 -3px #f6f6f6,
    0 9px 1px -3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2), 0 16px 0 -6px #f6f6f6,
    0 17px 2px -6px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
}

.todo-count {
  float: left;
  text-align: left;
}

.todo-count strong {
  font-weight: 300;
}

.filters {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  list-style: none;
  position: absolute;
  right: 0;
  left: 0;
}

.filters li {
  display: inline;
}

.filters li a {
  color: inherit;
  margin: 3px;
  padding: 3px 7px;
  text-decoration: none;
  border: 1px solid transparent;
  border-radius: 3px;
}

.filters li a:hover {
  border-color: rgba(175, 47, 47, 0.1);
}

.filters li a.selected {
  border-color: rgba(175, 47, 47, 0.2);
}

.clear-completed,
html .clear-completed:active {
  float: right;
  position: relative;
  line-height: 20px;
  text-decoration: none;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.clear-completed:hover {
  text-decoration: underline;
}

.info {
  margin: 50px auto 0;
  color: #bfbfbf;
  font-size: 15px;
  text-shadow: 0 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5);
  text-align: center;
}

.info p {
  line-height: 1;
}

.info a {
  color: inherit;
  text-decoration: none;
  font-weight: 400;
}

.info a:hover {
  text-decoration: underline;
}

/*
    Hack to remove background from Mobile Safari.
    Can't use it globally since it destroys checkboxes in Firefox
*/
@media screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 0) {
  .toggle-all,
  .todo-list li .toggle {
    background: none;
  }

  .todo-list li .toggle {
    height: 40px;
  }
}

@media (max-width: 430px) {
  .footer {
    height: 50px;
  }

  .filters {
    bottom: 10px;
  }
}

html与Vue部分


<html lang="en">

<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <title>记事本</title>
</head>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="index.css" />

<body>
  <!-- 主体区域 -->
  <section id="todoapp">
    <!-- 输入框 -->
    <header class="header">
      <h1>记事本</h1>
      <input autofocus="autofocus" autocomplete="off" placeholder="请输入任务" class="new-todo" v-model="message"
        @keyup.enter="add" />
    </header>
    <!-- 列表区域 -->
    <section class="main">
      <ul class="todo-list">
        <li class="todo" v-for="(item,index) in list">
          <div class="view">
            <span class="index">{{ index+1 }}.</span>
            <label>{{ item }}</label>
            <button class="destroy" @click="remove(index)"></button>
          </div>
        </li>
      </ul>
    </section>
    <!-- 统计和清空 -->
    <footer class="footer" v-show="list.length!=0">
      <span class="todo-count" v-if="list.length!=0">
        <strong>{{list.length}}</strong> items left
      </span>
      <button class="clear-completed" @click="clear">
        Clear
      </button>
    </footer>
  </section>
</body>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/vue/dist/vue.js"></script>
<script>
  let vm = new Vue({
    el: "#todoapp",
    data: {
      list: ["努力向前看", "今日事,今日毕", "好读书,读好书"],
      message: "please input",
    },
    methods: {
      add() {
        this.list.push(this.message)
      },
      remove(index) {
        this.list.splice(index, 1);
      },
      clear() {
        this.list = [];
      }
    }
  })
</script>

</html>

活的像诗一样